This provisions a new PostgreSQL database in an existing PostgreSQL instance. The instance must be reachable from Humanitec IPs.

Property Description
Resource type postgres
Account type None



Name Type Description
host string The IP Address or hostname that the instance is available on.
port integer The port the instance is listening on.
name string [Optional] The name of the maintenance database to connect to. Defaults to postgres.
append_host_to_user boolean [Optional] Azure Databases for Postgres and MySQL require usernames to have @servername appended to them. Set this to true for the Driver to append this automatically. (See: Azure Database connection strings)
template_name string [Optional] If provided, the Driver will use this database name as a template. See CREATE DATABASE.


Name Type Description
dbcredentials object An object holding username and password properties for the PostgreSQL superuser.


Automatic population of database

PostgreSQL supports creating databases based on templates. (See CREATE DATABASE) This functionality can be used to effectively pre-populate a database as it is provisioned.

It is important to be familiar with the constraints of template databases in PostgreSQL. The documentation states:


Set the following environment variables for the CLI and API commands:

Variable Example Description
HUMANITEC_TOKEN my-token The authentication token for accessing the Humanitec API.
HUMANITEC_ORG my-org-id The unique identifier for the organization in Humanitec.

Use the command below for the interface of your choice to create a fresh PostgreSQL database in an instance available at

  1. Create a file defining the Resource Definition you want to create:
cat << EOF > dev-postgres.yaml
kind: Definition
  id: dev-postgres
  name: Dev PostgreSQL
  type: postgres
  driver_type: humanitec/postgres
        username: postgres
        password: 53cr3t-P455w0rd
      name: postgres
      port: 5432
  - env_type: development
  1. Use the humctl create command to create the Resource Definition in the Organization defined by your configured context:
humctl create -f dev-postgres.yaml
rm dev-postgres.yaml

curl${HUMANITEC_ORG}/resources/defs \
  -X POST \
  -H "Authorization: Bearer ${HUMANITEC_TOKEN}" \
  -H "Content-Type: application/json" \
  -d '
  "id": "dev-postgres",
  "name": "Dev PostgreSQL",
  "type": "postgres",
  "criteria": [
      "env_type": "development"
  "driver_type": "humanitec/postgres",
  "driver_inputs": {
    "values": {
      "host": "",
      "port": 5432,
      "name": "postgres"
    "secrets": {
      "dbcredentials": {
        "username": "postgres",
        "password": "53cr3t-P455w0rd"

This will create a fresh database called postgres on the instance at using the superuser credentials provided.

Most PostgresSQL implementations use a single shared Driver. For Google CloudSQL implementations, see the Google CloudSQL Driver.


  • You must have a database instance/server running.
  • You must have a user defined on the instance for Workloads to use when connecting to the database.

Add a Resource Definition

  1. From the Resource Management screen, click Add resource definition.
  2. In the modal dialog click Postgres.
  3. Next, select the postgres Driver.
  4. Finally, provide the following information, then click Add Postgres.
    1. In the ID field provide a unique ID for the Resource.
    2. Provide the user or role of the database.
    3. Provide the password for the database.
    4. Choose whether to have @servername appended to the username.
    5. Enter the database hostname.
    6. Provide a database name (defaults to postgres).
    7. Provide the database port.

Resource Matching

Now that the resource is defined you will need to add matching criteria.

  1. Click on the relevant row in the Resource Definition table.
  2. Then switch to the Matching Criteria tab.
  3. Click + Add new Criteria.
  4. Configure the matching rules as needed:
    • Environment Type: development.
  5. Click Save.